Cognition and Learning

Moderate Learning Difficulties (MLD)

Children with moderate learning difficulties (MLD) will learn at a slower pace than other children, and may experience greater difficulty in acquiring basic literacy and numeracy skills or in understanding concepts, even with differentiation and appropriate interventions. Alongside this, they may also experience the following difficulties; poor attention and listening skills, a delay in their speech and language, poor social skills, low-self esteem and poor emotional well-being.

Specific Learning Difficulties (SpLD)

A child with a Specific learning difficulty (SpLD) may have difficulty with one or more aspects of learning. This includes a range of conditions such as dyslexia (difficulties with reading and spelling); dyscalculia (maths) and dyspraxia (co-ordination).

Severe Learning Difficulties (SLD)

Children with severe learning difficulties (SLD) have significant intellectual or cognitive impairments and are likely to need support in all areas of the curriculum. They may have difficulties in mobility and co-ordination, communication and perception, and the acquisition of self-help skills. Children with SLD are likely to need support to be independent.

Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties (PMLD)

Children with profound and multiple learning difficulties (PMLD) have severe and complex learning difficulties as well as significant other difficulties such as a physical disability or a sensory impairment. They are likely to need sensory stimulation and a curriculum broken down into very small steps. These children and young people require a high level of adult support, both for their educational needs and for their personal care.